Rhiannon_REEP

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HINDUISM | Ganesh Charurthi

25 August – 05 September

Also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi, this ten-day festival takes place during the Hindu month of Bhadra and is a celebration of the birth of the elephant-headed God, Ganesha. Lord Ganesha is worshipped as the God of beginnings, the Lord of arts and sciences and the deva (god) of wisdom. He is the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati

There are two different legends about Ganesha’s birth. In the first, the devas asked Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati to create a child to be a vighnakartaa (obstacle-creator) and a vighnahartaa (obstacle-averter) against impending demonic forces. In the second legend, Parvati sculpted a son from the dirt on her body when she took a bath, naming her new child Ganesha. When Lord Shiva returned to the house he found Ganesha standing guard at the bathroom door while Parvati finished her bath. Not recognising Ganesha as his son, Lord Shiva challenged him and cut of his head. When she found out, Parvati was distraught and to appease her, Lord Shiva promised to bring their son back to life. When the devas returned from their search for a new head, they presented Lord Shiva and Parvati with the head of an elephant. Lord Shiva fixed the head onto the body of Ganesha and brought him back to life.

In preparation for the celebrations, life-like clay models of Lord Ganesha are prepared. These can vary in size from a petite 2cm to over 7 metres. On the first day of the festival, the statues are placed on raised platforms inside homes or in ceremonial tents outside. In a ritual called pranapratishhtha, holy mantras are chanted as priests invoke life into the idols. This is then followed by special tributes, which include offerings of coconut, jiggery (palm sugar), modakas (rice flour preparations), durva (trefoil) blades and red flowers, as well as the anointing of the idols with red unguent or sandal paste. The ceremonies are accompanied by the singing of Vedic hymns and Ganesha stotra. On the final day of festivities, communities join together in song and dance as they process through the streets, carrying the Ganesha idols to nearby rivers. Here, after final offerings of coconuts, camphor and flowers, the idols are immersed into the water where they soften, liquefy and return to the river bed.

For more information about Ganesh Charurthi please click here

HINDUISM | Ganesh Charurthi 2017-09-12T10:34:32+00:00

JAINISM | Paryushan Parva

18 – 25 August

Meaning literally ‘abiding’ or ‘coming together’, Paryushan is the most important festival in the Jain calendar. It is a time of reflection, purification and confession for Jains, who take on temporary vows of study and food restriction, as well as practising daily meditation and prayer. Celebrations conclude with Jains confessing for any transgression of the five great vows, asking for forgiveness from all living beings and giving their own in return.

Many Jains take time off from work during Paryushan and impose further restrictions to their already vegetarian diets. Now they also chose to eliminate vegetables like potatoes, onions and garlic, which require the whole plant to be killed rather than just the taking of its fruit. Some Jains choose to fast for the duration of Paryushan Parva, breaking their fast at the end of the festival with a special meal in which they do not touch their food but are instead fed by friends and family in respect of their feat.

Jains are divided into two major sects – the Digambara (sky clad sect) and the Svetambara (white clad sect). For Digambaras, Paryushan lasts for ten days, whilst for Svetambaras, the festival lasts for eight days – there are a few differences in the Paryushan traditions of the two sects.

For more information about Paryushan Parva please click here

JAINISM | Paryushan Parva 2017-09-12T10:34:44+00:00

CHRISTIANITY | Feast of the Assumption

15 August

Alternatively known as the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary or the Dormition of the Most Holy Mother of God, this day is a celebration of the Virgin Mary’s assumption into Heaven by God. Christians believe that when the Virgin Mary died, her body did not undergo physical decay but was instead received into Heaven to be reunited with her soul.

In many European countries, such as France and Italy, the day is a public holiday and people take to the streets to watch processions and firework displays. In Sicily and rural areas outside Rome, a special bowing ceremony takes place in which a statue of the Virgin Mary is carried through the streets to the parish church. Here, a statue of Christ is held aloft under a ceremonial arch of flowers. The two statues are made to ‘bow’ to each other three times before the Virgin Mary follows her son into the church for a special benediction.

For more information about the Feast of the Assumption please click here

CHRISTIANITY | Feast of the Assumption 2017-09-12T10:34:50+00:00

HINDUISM | Janmashtami

14 to 15 August

Janmashtami is a lively and colourful celebration of the birth of Krishna (born c. 3228 BC), one of the most popular Hindu deities. The festival takes place in the Hindu month of Sravana – usually August or September in the Gregorian calendar. Janmashtami lasts for two days, with many Hindus choosing to fast on the day and night of the first day. Their fasts are broken at midnight, when Krishna is believed to have been born, and Janmashtami celebrations become an altogether more joyous affair. Song, dance and drama are crucial to Janmashtami celebrations, with bhajans (traditional songs) sung, dances performed and plays about Krishna’s early life re-enacted.

In Hindu temples, bells are rung, the shankh (conch shell) is blown and holy mantras are chanted as images of Krishna are bathed and placed in cradles. Food has a central role in Janmashtami festivities. As Krishna was fond of milk, buttermilk and curds, celebratory foods are prepared based on these ingredients. Buttermilk also features in an unusual tradition in which a young boy carrying a handi (clay pot) filled buttermilk is lifted to the top of a human pyramid, where he smashes the pot and spills the contents.

For more information about Janmashtami please click here

HINDUISM | Janmashtami 2017-09-12T10:34:57+00:00

SHINTOISM | O-Bon

13 to 15 July

Bon is the Japanese word for lantern, but the O-Bon* or Bon festival is known both as the ‘Festival of Lanterns’ and the ‘Festival of Souls’. Taking place across three days, it is a time for spirits of the dead to make a brief return to their earthly homes. Many people return to their hometowns to tend family graves and to festoon the graveyard with paper lanterns and incense to guide the spirits of their ancestors. Homes are cleaned and illuminated inside and out with lanterns too. On the final evening of celebrations, Bon Odori (lantern dances) are performed and okuri-dango (farewell rice dumplings) are offered to the spirits. Celebrations end when the paper lanterns are taken to the nearest river or ocean where they float away, guiding the spirits back to Meidu, the celestial world of the dead.

* The ‘O’ is often attached to ‘Bon’ as an honorific prefix

For more information about O-Bon please click here

SHINTOISM | O-Bon 2017-09-12T10:35:13+00:00

BAHÁ’Í | Martyrdom of The Báb

10 July

This day commemorates the death of The Báb, Herald of the Bahá’í Faith. While The Báb (1819 – 1850) had many followers, his beliefs were not condoned by the leaders of Persia’s state religion. First they had him imprisoned but later they decided upon a harsher punishment, death. One of the Báb’s young followers begged to share his fate. The firing squad lined up and fired shots at The Báb and his follower. Yet, when the smoke cleared the young follower stood alone and unharmed, while The Báb appeared to have vanished. The guards found him later, sitting calmly and very much alive in his prison cell. Alarmed by the apparent ‘miracle’, the firing squad refused to fire at the men a second time. A new regiment was called for. The Báb and his follower were shot dead and their bodies thrown into a nearby moat, later to be rescued by supporters and buried in a dedicated shrine on Mount Carmel in Haifa, Israel.

Today the Martyrdom of The Báb is a day of rest. To commemorate the executions, Bahá’í’s recite prayers at midday – the precise time at which the executions are believed to have taken place.

For more information about the Martyrdom of The Báb please click here

BAHÁ’Í | Martyrdom of The Báb 2017-09-12T10:35:19+00:00

BUDDHISM [THERAVADIN] | Dharma Day

9 July

On Dharma day Buddhists around the world celebrate the day when Buddha began his teaching. Siddhartha Gautama was a wealthy prince who became disillusioned when he discovered the harsh realities of the world beyond the palace walls and chose to renounced his wealth and family. Determined to understand the truth of life, he decided one day to sit beneath the Bodhi Tree* (the tree of awakening). After meditating deeply on the subject, he achieved Enlightenment and became Buddha.

The Buddha taught that the idea that we exist as isolated entities is an illusion. All living things are interrelated; and we are part of that interconnectedness and do not have autonomous existence. Buddha taught a path from selfishness to generosity, from ignorance to wisdom, from hatred to loving-kindness. Openness, mindfulness, compassion and wisdom are the very heart of the Buddha’s teachings.

* Bodhi is the name for the tree under which Buddha is believed to have attained enlightenment; it is a type of fig tree, scientifically known as Ficus religiosa.

For more information about Dharma Day please click here

BUDDHISM [THERAVADIN] | Dharma Day 2017-09-12T10:35:25+00:00

SHINTOISM | Tanabata Matsuri

07 July

Tanabata Matsuri (Star Festival) is devoted to two stars who are in love but only allowed to meet just once a year. According to Japanese legend, Kenoyu (Altair, or the cowherd star) and Shokujo (Vega, or the weaver star) fell deeply in love only to be torn apart by the vast expanse of the Milky Way. One day, a tiding of magpies forms a bridge across the Milky Way and the two stars are reunited once more. Although they cannot stay together for ever, they are allowed to meet for one day each year, on Tanabata Matsuri.

The custom of offering prayers to the cowherd star for a fruitful harvest and to the weaver star for skill in weaving has given rise to the festival’s other alternative name, ‘Weaver Festival’. Young people celebrate by writing their hopes and wishes for the coming year onto strips of paper which they then hang on makeshift bamboo constructions in their gardens. At school, children write prayers to the stars for success in their studies. The festival has been celebrated in Japan for centuries, originating from an earlier Chinese custom.

For more information about Tanabata Matsuri please click here

SHINTOISM | Tanabata Matsuri 2017-09-12T10:35:32+00:00

ISLAM | Eid-ul-Fitr

25 June

One of the two major holidays in the Islamic calendar, Eid-ul-Fitr takes place at the end of Ramadan and marks the end of a month of strict fasting and prayer. First celebrated in 624 CE by the Prophet Muhammad along with his family and friends, Eid celebrations today begin with the first sighting of the new moon in Islamic countries.

During Eid, Muslims give prayer and thanks to Allah for the help and strength he gave them to exercise self-control during Ramadan. Special Eid services are held in mosques and in public places outdoors, and processions take place in the streets of many towns and cities.

Central to the Eid-ul-Fitr celebrations is the lavish feast, with families getting together to enjoy their first proper meal together for a month. Many Muslims also attend communal prayers, listen to khutba (a sermon) and give zakat al-fitr (charity in the form of food). Gift-giving is also traditional at Eid, as are new clothes and festive decorations for the home.

For more information about Eid-ul-Fitr please click here

ISLAM | Eid-ul-Fitr 2017-09-12T10:35:43+00:00

HINDUISM | Ratha Yatra

25 June

Meaning ‘chariot festival’, the Ratha Yatra festival is the parade of the chariots of the Hindu deities, Lord Jagannatha, Subhadra and Balarama. The spiritual home of the festival is the Jagannatha temple in the city of Puri, Eastern India but it has been celebrated by Hindus in the Western states since it was introduced by the spiritual teacher, Sria Prabhupada, in 1967. Today, the festival is sometime known as Lord Jagannatha’s Divine Festival, and is celebrated by Hindus all over the world.

During Ratha Yatra, statues of the Hindu deities are removed from temples, loaded onto huge chariots and paraded through the streets in exuberant procession. Crowds line the streets to greet the chariots with jubilant singing, dancing and chanting the maha-mantra (the great mantra for deliverance) to the rhythmic sounds of cymbals and drums. After the procession, Hindus celebrate with a festival and feast of prasadam (sacred free vegetarian food).

Interestingly, the English word juggernaut comes from the Ratha Yatra chariots made in Jagannatha’s honour. For more information about Radha Yatra please click here

HINDUISM | Ratha Yatra 2017-09-12T10:35:50+00:00

SIKHISM | Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev

16 June

Today, Sikhs commemorate the martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth of the ten Sikh Gurus. Guru Arjan Dev is cherished by Sikhs for a number of reasons. Firstly, Guru Arjan Dev laid the foundations of the Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) in Amritsar, India, designing it with four doors symbolising its acceptance of people from ‘all castes and all creeds from whichever direction they come and to whichever direction they bow.’

Secondly, Guru Arjan Dev’s collation of the previous four Gurus’ writings into one volume formed the basis of the Sikh Holy Book, Guru Granth Sahib, which went on to become the eleventh and final Sikh Guru. Thirdly, he became the first Sikh martyr and awakened the Sikh community to the horrors of violence when he was arrested and tortured to death by the Mughal Emperor in 1606. Previous to the Guru’s martyrdom Sikhs had renounced all violence and weaponry in their pursuit for peace and harmony for all peoples of the world.

Sikhs observe the Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev with prayers, kirtan (devotional hymns) and katha (lectures on Sikhism). For more information about the Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev please click here

SIKHISM | Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev 2017-09-12T10:35:57+00:00

CHRISTIANITY | Corpus Christi

15 June

Translating from the Latin to mean literally ‘body of Christ’, Corpus Christi falls on the Thursday after Trinity Sunday. The festival is observed primarily by Roman Catholics who celebrate the Eucharist as the body of Christ

At Corpus Christi, Catholics attend Mass to receive the Eucharist (also known as Holy Communion), where they partake of bread (or often a wafer) and wine that have been consecrated to become the physical body and blood of Christ. Although no longer a practice in the UK, triumphant processions take place in other Catholic churches around the world. During these processions the ‘sacred host’ (a consecrated wafer) is carried out of the church for the Christian faithful to proclaim the truth of the transubstantiation of bread and wine into the actual body of Christ.

For more information about Corpus Christi please click here

CHRISTIANITY | Corpus Christi 2017-09-12T10:36:04+00:00

CHRISTIANITY | Trinity Sunday

11 June

Taking place on the first Sunday after Pentecost, Trinity Sunday is the day on which Christians celebrate the Holy Trinity. The Holy Trinity of Father, Son and Holy Spirit is the Christian belief that God participates in the world in three forms:

  • God the Father, who creates and sustains the world in every moment
  • God the Son, who lived in the world so that ‘the creation itself will be delivered from the bondage of corruption’ (Romans 8:21)
  • God the Holy Spirit, who can act through all things to renew humans and the whole creation.

Known officially as ‘The Solemnity of the Most Holy Trinity’, Trinity Sunday is the only major Christian festival that celebrates a doctrine rather than a person or an event. Christians observe the day by attending church services dedicated to the theme of the Holy Trinity. Ministers symbolically wear white to symbolise the purity, holiness, and virtue of the Holy Trinity.

For more information about Trinity Sunday please click here

CHRISTIANITY | Trinity Sunday 2017-09-12T10:37:05+00:00

CHRISTIANITY | Pentecost

4 June

Taken from the Greek pentekoste meaning ‘fiftieth’, Pentecost takes place exactly fifty days after Easter Day and is a festival commemorating the day when the Holy Spirit is said to have descended upon Christ’s Apostles. The Christian Pentecost has its origins in the earlier Jewish Shavout festival.

Christians believe that God participates in the world in three forms:

  • God the Father, who creates and sustains the world in every moment
  • God the Son, who lived in the world so that ‘the creation itself will be delivered from the bondage of corruption’ (Romans 8:21)
  • God the Holy Spirit, who can act through all things to renew humans and the whole creation.

The arrival of the Holy Spirit completed the Holy Trinity of Father, Son and Holy Spirit and therefore, the Christian God. Pentecost is thus a celebration of the birth of the Christian Church. Celebrations at Pentecost are joyous; church services are replete with uplifting Hymns, and Ministers dressed in robes of red to symbolise the flames in which the Holy Spirit came to earth.

For more information about Pentecost please click here

CHRISTIANITY | Pentecost 2017-09-12T10:37:12+00:00

JUDAISM | Shavuot

30 May to 1 June

Shavuot takes place fifty days after Passover. The days between the two festivals have special significance for Jews, who verbally count the forty-nine days in a practice known as Sefirat HaOmer (Counting of the Omer). Commemorating the revelation of the Torah on Mt. Sinai to the Jewish people, Shavuot is firstly a festival of the giving and the receiving of Torah. However, due to the association of Shavuot with the wheat harvest described in Deuteronomy 16, it is largely celebrated as the Jewish harvest festival. As such, Jews sometimes refer to Shavuot by a number of other names, including ‘The Feast of Weeks’ and ‘The Day of First Fruits’.

Jews observe Shavuot by abstaining from work and by attending special services at a synagogue to give thanks for the Torah and for the ‘first fruits’ of the wheat harvest. In respect of the revelation of the Torah, Jews customarily study Torah all through the night of Shavuot in a practice called Tikkun Leil Shavuot.

For more information about Shavuot please click here

JUDAISM | Shavuot 2017-09-12T10:37:19+00:00

ISLAM | Ramadan

27 May to 25 June

Beginning on a new moon day, Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. As the Prophet Muhammad is believed to have received the first revelations of the Qur’an during Ramadan, it is a very sacred time for Muslims. During Ramadan, they show their devotion to Allah through a month-long period of fasting and prayer.

Muslims are required to fast every day from dawn to dusk. As sawm, the Arabic word for fasting, means ‘to refrain’, Muslims must fast not only from food and liquid but also from evil thoughts, words and actions such as smoking and engaging in sexual relations. This ritualistic fasting is of such great importance to Muslims that it is one of the five pillars, or duties, of Islam. Ramadan is also a time for Muslims to seek spiritual renewal through deep contemplation and prayer, and also by showing charitable generosity.

For more information about Ramadan please click here

ISLAM | Ramadan 2017-09-12T10:37:26+00:00

CHRISTIANITY | Ascension Day

25 May

At Ascension, Christians commemorate the day when Christ’s apostles are said to have witnessed the bodily ascent of Jesus Christ into heaven. The Ascension of Christ is believed to have taken place 39 days after his crucifixion on Easter Day, thus Ascension Day marks the 40th day of the Easter Period.

Ascension Day is not a public holiday in the United Kingdom. However, it is given as a public holiday in many European countries, including Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway and Sweden. Ascension Day celebrations differ greatly between countries, but often include processions which symbolise the bodily ascension of Christ. Many Christians attend special church services on Ascension Day where they make prayers and sing hymns in commemoration. The Eucharist (Holy Communion) is also offered to the congregation in many Catholic services.

For more information about Ascension Day please click here

CHRISTIANITY | Ascension Day 2017-09-12T10:37:33+00:00

BAHÁ’Í | Declaration of The Báb

22 to 23 May

The Declaration of The Báb is a Bahá’í festival commemorating the day, in 1844, when a young merchant from the Iranian City of Shiraz prophesied the coming of a new messenger from God. Renaming himself for the Arabic for Gate, Báb, the Prophet soon gained thousands of followers and his calls for spiritual and moral reform laid the foundations of a new faith. Bahá’í was formerly founded as a religion six years later when Bahá’u’lláh was recognised as the Manifestation of God, fulfilling the Báb’s prophesy.

The Declaration of The Báb begins two hours and eleven minutes after sunset on 22 May in respect of the precise time The Báb is believed to have declared himself. All work is suspended the following day, when Bahá’í’s celebrate their Prophet with prayers, storytelling and reflection.

For more information about the Declaration of The Báb please click here

BAHÁ’Í | Declaration of The Báb 2017-09-12T10:37:39+00:00

‘Growing Gardeners’ Conference: DAY THREE

Today, our gardening professionals from Morocco, Spain and England were back with us in Essaouira for the third day of the ‘Growing Gardeners’ Landscape Conference.

Conference participants work in groups to discuss the way forward

We worked in groups to discuss what we learnt during the conference and to consider the way forward.

 

REEP Director, Diana Lazenby McLaren presents certificates on the final evening

The conference closed with a certificate ceremony and a traditional Moroccan dinner generously provided by our Director, Diana, and her husband, Richard McLaren.

 

REEP Director, Diana Lazenby McLaren with her husband Richard McLaren, after they have been presented with thank you gifts by conference participants

On behalf of everyone who attended the conference I would like to say a huge thank you to Diana and Richard McLaren for their incredible generosity and hospitality during the ‘Growing Gardeners’ conference. The group presented the couple with flowers and a Moroccan candle as thank you gifts.

 

REEP would also like to thank everybody who supported the conference and who helped to make it the success that it was!

 

More About the Conference:

This year the ‘SHORE TO SHORE’ Festival initiated by REEP focuses on Gardens, recognising COP22 and the United Nations Year of Sustainable Development. By using existing work in Britain, Morocco and Spain, the Conference explores ways of encouraging young people to be more aware of their environment and to become educated in creating, maintaining and using gardens and public spaces. The conference takes place in Marrakech and Essaouira, Morocco.

Presentations have a particular focus on educational and health settings, as well as the importance of education for sustainable development and tourism. The expected outcomes of the conference include the creation of a network of individuals and organisations in Morocco, Spain and Britain, interested in social, personal and educational development through gardening and landscape architecture.

 

Hommage:

The Conference is dedicated to two great Gardeners, one recently deceased, Mohammed El Faiz, and one, Gertrude Jekyll who has been dead for many years but who is seen as one of the most important historic figures in British gardening. She was dedicated to education and her family has been among those who have enabled this event to take place.

‘Growing Gardeners’ Conference: DAY THREE 2017-11-10T18:31:18+00:00

‘Growing Gardeners’ Conference: DAY TWO

Today, our gardening professionals from Morocco, Spain and England travelled east to Marrakech for the second day of the ‘Growing Gardeners’ Landscape Conference. Here are some of the highlights…

In the first session of the day we visited a number of sites to see projects in action, including:

Conference participants visit the garden of a psychiatric hospital in Marrakech

The garden of a Marrakech Psychiatric Hospital

 

Students perform an Eco-song for conference participants at the Eco School '11 Janvier', Marrakech

Eco-School ‘11th January’. Everyone was very inspired by the work the school is doing to encourage students to respect and care for the environment. They even performed a delightful Eco-song for us!

 

Lunch at the Amal Women's Project in Marrakech

We stopped for lunch at the Amal Women’s Training Centre and Moroccan Restaurant. We had a talk from the inspirational director, Nora Belahcen Fitzgerald.

 

Conference Participants are given a tour of the water cycle exhibit at Environmental Education Centre (CEE), Marrakech

After lunch, we visited the Environmental Education Centre Marrakech (CEE). Here, we received a tour of a Model exhibition of Marrakech’s water system by the CEE Director, Brahim Chitaoui.

 

Conference participants on the stage in the Anglo-Moroccan Shakespeare Garden at Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech

Finally, we visited Cadi Ayyad University Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences to see the Anglo-Moroccan Shakespeare Garden which REEP helped to create in 2014.

 

The Anglo-Moroccan Shakespeare Garden at Cadi Ayyad University.

The Anglo-Moroccan Shakespeare Garden at Cadi Ayyad University. You may remember that we were restoring it a couple of weeks ago. Well, now it is looking lovely indeed!

 

Conference participants watch Sarah and Heather perform Shakespeare on the stage in the Anglo-Moroccan Shakespeare Garden at Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech

Our Shore to Shore actors, Sarah and Heather, treated us to a Shakespearean performance on the stage within the garden, and the French department performed for us too.

 

 

We finished the day with discussions on the theme of ‘Gardens, Sustainability and Tourism’. We had presentations by…

Glyn Jones, Head of Gardens for the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust presents at Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech

Glyn Jones, Head of Gardens, Shakespeare Birthplace Trust

 

Ricardo Librero, Landscape Architect, Seville, presents at Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech

Ricardo Librero, Landscape Architect, Seville, presents at Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech

 

Then all too soon it was time to return to Essaouira…

Conference Participants visit an Organ Cooperative outside Essaouira

Conference Participants visited an argan cooperative outside Essaouira on the journey home from Marrakech

 

More About the Conference:

This year the ‘SHORE TO SHORE’ Festival initiated by REEP focuses on Gardens, recognising COP22 and the United Nations Year of Sustainable Development. By using existing work in Britain, Morocco and Spain, the Conference explores ways of encouraging young people to be more aware of their environment and to become educated in creating, maintaining and using gardens and public spaces. The conference takes place in Marrakech and Essaouira, Morocco.

Presentations have a particular focus on educational and health settings, as well as the importance of education for sustainable development and tourism. The expected outcomes of the conference include the creation of a network of individuals and organisations in Morocco, Spain and Britain, interested in social, personal and educational development through gardening and landscape architecture.

 

Hommage:

The Conference is dedicated to two great Gardeners, one recently deceased, Mohammed El Faiz, and one, Gertrude Jekyll who has been dead for many years but who is seen as one of the most important historic figures in British gardening. She was dedicated to education and her family has been among those who have enabled this event to take place.

‘Growing Gardeners’ Conference: DAY TWO 2017-11-10T18:23:28+00:00